Bergen, Norway

A gateway to Fjordland, this 13th century Hanseatic - and now World Heritage - city was built on the site of an original Viking settlement and is full of historic sites, the best known of which is Bryggen. A collection of 11th century wooden buildings along the harbourfront, this is a World Heritage Site in its own right and has its own museum to tell its fascinating story. To enjoy the best views of this picturesque city, take the funicular railway to the top of Mount Flyen, which overlooks both Bergen and the surrounding region. Also the birthplace of composer Edvard Grieg, Bergen is easily walkable and has a lively fish market and an even better general market along the harbourfront as well as many attractive bars and cafes.