Our Environmental Commitment
P&O Cruises and our parent company Carnival Corporation & plc take our environmental responsibilities very seriously and are committed to reducing our environmental impact.We recently achieved key sustainability targets for the company and committed to new far-reaching goals as we continue to support our environmental priorities with concrete actions and improvements. From significantly reducing single-use plastics to cleaner and more efficient energy systems, from lessening food waste to using water more judiciously and much more, the corporation and its brands continuously invest in maintaining a world-class culture of compliance among every one of its crew members and shoreside employees.
We are dedicated to preserving the marine environment in which we operate, and believe it is our duty to follow environmental practices which set a high standard of excellence and responsibility.
In 2019, we achieved a 29.1% reduction in CO2e intensity relative to our 2005 baseline. This is a further achievement on top of reaching the original goal of a 25% reduction in carbon intensity in 2017, three years ahead of schedule. We are looking to build on this success and have plans in place to reduce our carbon emissions rate by 40% by 2030 against a 2008 baseline. We continue to pioneer the use of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and P&O Cruises LNG-powered ship, Iona, will be coming into service in 2021 followed by the sister ship, Arvia, in December 2022. LNG significantly improves overall air emissions with the virtual elimination of sulphur dioxide emissions and a 95 to 100% reduction in particulate matter. The use of LNG also significantly reduces emissions of nitrogen oxide and carbon dioxide by 85% and 20% respectively.
Advanced Air Quality Systems
Carnival Corporation & plc has invested $500 million equipping nearly 80% of the fleet with Advanced Air Quality Systems. These remove nearly all sulphur from ship engine exhausts while also reducing particulates and nitrogen oxides. We have also initiated cutting-edge trials involving battery power and fuel cell technology to seek new power sources for cruise ships.
39 Carnival Corporation & plc ships have the ability to use shore power with additional ships planned to be outfitted. This allows the ship to receive electricity from the electrical grid in the port instead of using the ship’s engines and fuel to generate power. Electricity generated by renewable sources such as hydro, solar, wind, and geothermal has a minimal climate change and air emission impact compared with non-renewable sources such as fossil fuels. Shore power will soon be available at our home port in Southampton.
Waste Reduction and Single Use Plastics
We aim to recycle as much of our waste as we can or donate items for reuse if suitable. All of our ships have on-board waste processing equipment to facilitate the segregation and correct packaging of waste for offload. Our supply chain works with suppliers to minimise packaging sent to the ships and our food and beverage teams work hard to ensure minimal waste is produced whilst delivering our guests expectations. We are committed to significantly reducing all non-essential single-use items, including plastics, on board our ships by 50% by the end of 2021. By the end of 2019, we had reduced the sourcing of approximately 80 million plastic items and approximately 95 million other single-use items, including straws, cups, lids, stir sticks, cocktail picks, toothpicks, butter foils and plastic shopping bags, which have been eliminated or replaced with sustainable alternatives wherever possible.
Through investment in technologies such as reverse osmosis our ships are capable of producing more of the potable water required on board without significant increases in energy use. The use of efficient water production systems coupled with investment in water saving devices and raising awareness with our guests has enabled us to reduce our reliance on bunkering water in port. In 2019 we surpassed our 2020 water efficiency target, to reduce water usage by 5%, achieving an 8.7% reduction. We have also further improved water efficiency by supplying 82% of water needs from the ocean, purchasing only 18% at designated ports. The typical water use rate on board Carnival Corporation ships is 57.1 gallons per person per day compared to the U.S. national average of roughly 90 gallons per person per day.
Waste Water Purification
Our waste management plan specifies the responsible and efficient control, disposal, elimination and minimisation of the waste we generate, including water. We are committed to utilising technologies to meet or exceed waste water industry standards and regulations on board and in port. In 2019, a year ahead of target, we increased Advanced Waste Water Purification System (AWWPS) coverage of our fleet wide capacity by 10 percentage points relative to our 2014 baseline.
Guest and crewmember, health, safety and security
Striving to be free of injuries, we continue to build on our commitment to protect the health, safety and security of our guests, employees and all others working on our behalf.
Ethics and Diversity
Recognised as a top employer for diversity and equality by the Human Rights Campaign and Black Enterprise Magazine, we continue to build an inclusive workforce. We have created a diversity council and our published a slavery statement reinforces our ambition to combat slavery and human trafficking. Health, environmental, safety and security is at the heart of all our operations. We aim to continue to build a diverse and inclusive workforce and provide all employees with a positive work environment and opportunities to build a rewarding career to further drive employee engagement.
Partner Code of Conduct and Ethics
Supply chain compliance with our revised Business Partner Code of Conduct and Ethics continues with an increased prominence on our support for human rights and the communities we visit as well as ensuring our observance with the UK Modern Slavery Act. We continue to improve our due diligence efforts in order to ensure that we are mitigating the risk of third parties engaging in slavery and human trafficking. We aim to further develop and implement vendor assurance procedures ensuring compliance with Carnival Corporation & plc’s Business Partner Code of Conduct and Ethics.